Yahweh and the Gods and Goddesses of Canaan (The Library of Hebrew Bible/Old Testament Studies)
This masterly booklet is the climax of over twenty-five years of analysis of the influence of Canaanite faith and mythology on historic Israel and the previous testomony. it's John Day's magnum opus within which he units forth all his major arguments and conclusions at the topic. The paintings considers intimately the connection among Yahweh and a few of the gods and goddesses of Canaan, together with the top gods El and Baal, the good goddesses (Asherah, Astarte and Anat), astral deities (Sun, Moon and Lucifer), and underworld deities (Mot, Resheph, Molech and the Rephaim). Day assesses either what Yahwism assimilated from those deities and what it got here to reject. extra ordinarily he discusses the influence of Canaanite polytheism on historical Israel and the way monotheism used to be ultimately achieved.
The identity of Ahab's Baal, see below.) Ahaziah is related to have worshipped Baal (1 Kgs 22.53)— certainly, he consulted Baal-zebub, the god of Ekron, while he used to be unwell (2 Kgs 1.2-16), a reputation (literally, 'Lord of the fly') that appears as if it's a distortion of Baal-zebul ('Baal the Prince', cf. Ugaritic zbl b'l and New testomony Beelzebul; see below). Ahab's different son, Jehoram, is expounded to have positioned away the pillar of Baal that his father had made (2 Kgs 3.2), even though he's nonetheless looked by way of.
the 1st human(s) (Gen. 1.26, 3.22; activity 15.7-8) or in different places within the primaeval background (Gen. 11.7; cf. Gen. 6.2 above), and within the context of the divine name or fee to prophesy (1 Kgs 22.1922; Isa. 40.3, 6; Jer. 23.18, 22; cf. Amos 3.7). We additionally locate it spoke of in reference to the mum or dad gods or angels of the countries (Isa. 24.21; playstation . 82.1; Ecclus 17.17; Jub. 15.31-32; cf. Deut. 32.8 and playstation . 82.6 above; implied in Dan. 10.13, 20; 12.1). except remoted references to the divine.
meeting at the sacred mountain in Isa. 14.13 and to personified knowledge within the divine meeting in Ecclus 24.2, the opposite references to the heavenly courtroom are extra normal (Zech. 1.10-11, 3.7, 14.5; playstation . 89.6-8 [ET 5-7]; Dan. 4.14 [ET 17], 7.10, 21, 25, 27, 8.10-13; cf. task 1.6, 2.2, 38.7 and Pss. 29.1, 89.7 [ET 6] above). simply as a secular king is supported via a physique of courtiers, so Yahweh has a heavenly courtroom. initially, those have been gods, yet as monotheism turned absolute, so those have been demoted.
The figure's presence at the mountain, not like the Shining One, who ascends to Zaphon out of his personal hope. eventually, it can be famous that the equation of the 'stones of fireside' (Ezek. 28.14, sixteen) with the celebs of Isa. 14.13, which upholders of the view that we've got the following a typical delusion are likely to suppose, is sort of definitely to be rejected in favour of the view that we've got right here an allusion to the lightning. it seems that to were ignored that in other places once we discover a cherub or cherubim.
through getting into the home windows. even if, as F. Saracino11 has famous, there are Ugaritic texts during which Mot threatens humanity in a nine. Gaster, Thespis, pp. 188-89. 10. S.M. Paul, 'Cuneiform gentle on Jer 9,20', Bib forty nine (1968), pp. 373-76. eleven. Saracino, 'Ger. nine, 20, un polmone ugaritico e l. a. forza di Mot', A1ON forty four (1984), pp. 539-53. 190 Yahweh and the Gods and Goddesses of Canaan method equivalent to dying in Jer. 9.20 (ET 21), for instance KTU2 21.127.29-31 and 2.10.11-13,12 even though there's no particular.