Word and Glory: On the Exegetical and Theological Background of John's Prologue (The Library of New Testament Studies)
Craig A. Evans
Word and Glory demanding situations contemporary claims that Gnosticism, specially as expressed within the Nag Hammadi tractate Trimorphic Protennoia, is the main ordinary and illuminating historical past for figuring out the Prologue of the Fourth Gospel. Scriptural allusions and interpretive traditions recommend that Jewish knowledge culture, mediated by way of the synagogue of the diaspora, lies at the back of the Prologue and the Fourth Gospel as a complete, now not a few kind of overdue first-century Gnosticism. a number of good points of the Fourth Gospel replicate the synagogue and nascent Christianity's fight to increase and protect its ideals approximately Jesus who, as God's son and Agent, used to be understood because the embodiment of the Divine observe. all the elements that make up Johannine christology derive from dominical culture, refracted throughout the lens of Jewish interpretive traditions. there is not any compelling facts that this christology derived from or used to be stimulated through gnostic mythology. notice and Glory additionally develops and checks standards for assessing the relative price of post-New testomony resources for the translation of recent testomony documents.
(on Gen. 2.9) (R. Judah ben liai). 2. The organization of the go with the bushes of paradise is maybe based upon early Christian allegory. See the same allegory in Ign. path. 11.1-2. three. For a wary exception, see Schulz, Komposition und Herkunft, pp. 114-17. four. Barrett, Gospel in response to St John, pp. 470-71; Beasley-Murray, John, pp. 271-72; Brown, Gospel based on John, П, pp. 669-72; Carson, Gospel in line with John, pp. 511-14; Dodd, Interpretation of the Fourth Gospel, pp.
'Gnosticism and the recent Testament', p. 131. 60 note and Glory prologue in a single textual content, Trimorphic Protewoial We needs to try and use this truth in a extra pointed style. I agree that the history is Jewish knowledge literature. yet those texts shared within the similar converging strength that drew out from Jewish knowledge a distinct concentration.1 in terms of answer, issues will be made. First, i believe that the importance of the original focus' within the Trimorphic Protennoia has been exaggerated. In.
Targumic Traditions and the hot testomony (SBL Aramaic reviews, four; Chico, CA: students Press, 1979). 114 note and Glory already reached, to the influence that the Gnostic resources and parallels will not be valuable and maybe even deceptive. Targumic and Midrashic Exegesis entice targumic and midrashic traditions faces an identical demanding situations confronted through entice the Coptic and Mándale fabrics. allow us to give some thought to the 4 standards defined above in bankruptcy 1.1. there's exterior proof that a few of.
culture that's constructed in the course of the Fourth Gospel. even if the textual content isn't explicitly stated, Jesus is perhaps to be understood because the promised 'Prophet like Moses' (cf. Deut. 18.15-19).1 even if like Moses in lots of ways—a giver of water, bread, and a brand new commandment—Jesus is improved to Moses. he's greater most likely since it is thru him that the trademarks speaks and acts. Like Moses, Jesus is gifted as God's 'agent', a shaliach who speaks and acts with God's authority. yet not like.
risk of pre-natal sin is really meditated (cf. Gen. R. 63.6 [on Gen. 25.22] and Lev. R. 27.6 [on Lev. 22.27], the place hypothesis in regards to the pre-natal fight of Esau and Jacob is entertained). Jesus' asseveration that 'we needs to paintings the deeds of the person who despatched me whereas it truly is day' (Jn 9.4) is identical to Rabbi Simeon ben Eleazar's admonition to paintings whereas one has chance and existence (cf. b. Sab. 151b). Rabbi Tarphon's assertion that 'the day is brief and the duty is superb' (Ab. 2.15).