Warsaw 1920: Lenin's Failed Conquest of Europe

Warsaw 1920: Lenin's Failed Conquest of Europe

Adam Zamoyski


The dramatic and little-known tale of the way, in the summertime of 1920, Lenin got here inside a hair's breadth of shattering the painstakingly developed Versailles peace payment and spreading Bolshevism to western Europe. In 1920 the recent Soviet nation used to be a large number, following a brutal civil conflict, and the way of making sure its survival seemed to be to export the revolution to Germany, itself economically ruined through defeat in international warfare I and racked by means of inner political dissension. among Russia and Germany lay Poland, a country that had in simple terms simply recovered its independence after greater than a century of international oppression. however it used to be economically and militarily susceptible and its erroneous offensive to free up the Ukraine within the spring of 1920 laid it open to assault. Egged on by means of Trotsky, Lenin introduced an enormous westward strengthen below the flowery Marshal Tukhachevsky. All that groovy Britain and France had fought for over 4 years now appeared in danger. by means of the center of August the Russians have been just a couple of kilometres from Warsaw, and Berlin used to be lower than a week's march away. Then happened the 'Miracle of the Vistula': the Polish military led by way of Jozef Pilsudski regrouped and completed essentially the most decisive victories in army heritage. for this reason, the Versailles peace cost survived, and Lenin used to be compelled to accept Communism in a single nation. The conflict for Warsaw obtained Europe approximately 20 years of peace, and communism remained a frequently Russian phenomenon, subsuming a number of the autocratic and Byzantine features of Russia's tsarist culture.

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