Universal or Diverse Paths to English Phonology
desk of contents
Ulrike intestine, Robert Fuchs & Eva-Maria Wunder
1 creation 1
2 The phonology of Brunei English: L2 English or emergent sort 9
3 Rothicity in Malaysian English: The emergence of a brand new norm? 23
4 Cross-linguistic effect in moment vs. 3rd language acquisition of phonology 41
5 changes within the conception of English vowel sounds through baby L2 and
L3 newbies 71
6 Loanword model and moment language acquisition: Convergence and divergence 91
Taiwo Soneye & Kehinde Ayoola
7 Onset consonant cluster realisation in Nigerian English: The emergence of an endogenous sort? 117
Christoph Gabriel, Johanna Stahnke & Jeanette Thulke
8 buying English and French speech rhythm in a multilingual school room: A comparability with Asian Englishes 135
Robert Fuchs & Eva-Maria Wunder
9 A sonority-based account of speech rhythm in chinese language newbies of
Heidi Altmann & Barış Kabak
10 English observe tension in L2 and postcolonial types: systematicity and
11 Prosodic marking of concentration in transitive sentences in types of South African English 209
12 Epilogue Index 249
Collins. 2010. The impact of language distance and language prestige at the acquisition of L3 phonology. foreign magazine of Multilingualism, 7 (1). 39–57. Maddieson, Ian. 1997. Phonetic Universals. In William J. Hardcastle & John Laver (eds.), The guide of Phonetic Sciences, 619–639. Oxford: Blackwell. significant, Roy. 1990. L2 acquisition, L1 loss, and the severe interval speculation. In Jonathan leather-based & Allan James (eds.), complaints of the 1990 Symposium at the Acquisition of moment.
Stops. The foreign magazine of Bilingualism five (2). 221–235. top, Catherine T. 1995. a right away realist view of cross-language speech belief. In Winifred unusual (ed.), Speech conception and linguistic adventure: concerns in cross-language study, 171–204. Timonium, MD: York Press. top, Catherine T. & Michael D. Tyler. 2007. Nonnative and second-language speech notion: Commonalities and complementarities. In Ocke-Schwen Bohn & Murray J. Munro (eds.), Language adventure in moment.
phrases) (cf. Chatterji (1926) for a close discussion). this era marks the emergence of contemporary Bangla. within the following part we will continue to formulate the styles of syllable constitution for Bangla to justify the proposed stratification of the vocabulary.9 4.1 Syllable constitution principles in Bangla Given under are a few syllable constitution constraints which are operative in sleek Bangla. 4.1.1 The DISYLLABIC TROCHEE CONSTRAINT one of many major positive aspects of recent Bangla is the construction of.
info that may give a contribution to a greater realizing of the implications. 4.3 effects determine 1 illustrates the consequences for L2 English. The x-axis indicates the share of vocalic fabric within the speech sign (%V); the y-axis exhibits the values for the range of V durations (VarcoV). For ease of studying, the L1 values for Mandarin chinese language and German are represented as averages from all audio system’ effects (upper left graph in determine 1); as already pointed out, the objective (L1) values for English.
tension, which have been decided through phonetically knowledgeable (near-)native audio system of yankee English who listened to all of the goods. Inter-transcriber reliability used to be very excessive (90%) and situations of war of words have been mentioned till a consensus was once reached. If members supplied constructions that have been accidental yet fell into another structural sort, those have been grouped with the respective acceptable substitute constitution; the place this was once impossible, the article needed to be excluded from research.