The US Army's First, Last, and Only All-Black Rangers: The 2d Ranger Infantry Company (Airborne) in the Korean War, 1950-1951
Edward L. Posey
The 2nd Ranger Infantry corporation (Airborne) used to be the 1st and merely all-black Ranger unit within the heritage of the U.S. military. Its ten-month lifespan incorporated choice, education, and 7 months of wrestle deployment in Korea, and then the unit used to be deactivated. Edward Posey’s extraordinary new learn, now to be had in paperback, is the 1st whole heritage of this elite, all-volunteer unit, whose participants have been drawn from the third Battalion of the 505th Airborne Infantry Regiment and the eightieth Airborne Anti-Aircraft Battalion.
After experiencing the traditional travails of boot camp at castle Benning, which segregation and racism simply made worse, the all-black Rangers got down to subscribe to the Korean struggle in past due 1950. On January 7, 1951, the Rangers chanced on themselves protecting a serious railroad working via Tanyang cross, which Communist guerillas attempted to infiltrate. The night motion brought on the Rangers’ inaugural wrestle, which ended with the advice for a Bronze famous person for gallantry for a Ranger sergeant. extra combats with the North Korean and Communist chinese language forces erupted close to Majori-ri and Chechon.
But the development that propelled the second Rangers into the list books was once their airborne attack close to Munsan-Ni on March 23, 1951―the first in Ranger background. as soon as at the floor, Posey and his comrades attacked and captured Hill 151. The fighting―often performed at very shut quarters, and a few of it with the bayonet and rifle butt―demonstrated the braveness of those difficult African American infantrymen. Heavy battling marked their months on the entrance, together with an impressive assault and protection of Hill 581 which could. all through their deployment in Korea, the second Rangers served with honor and completed a great strive against record.
Posey’s lengthy late the U.S. Army’s First, final, and in basic terms All-Black Rangers: The second Ranger Infantry corporation (Airborne) within the Korean struggle, 1950-1951 (written with assistance from different Rangers) relies upon the firsthand reviews of many contributors of the unit, reliable files, interviews with survivors, and different archival fabric. Stitched jointly, this data bargains a wealthy and necessary addition to the becoming literature at the Korean struggle via explaining the stumbling blocks those patriotic African american citizens confronted, their sacrifices, and their brave activities at the a ways facet of the world.
Nearly sixty years have handed because the Korean battle slipped into the area of historical past. Now, the realm will ultimately examine the genuine tale of the U.S. Army’s first, final, and purely all-black Ranger unit.
About the writer: grasp Sergeant (Ret) Edward L. Posey joined the united states military in 1947. After serving with corporation L, third Battalion, 505th Airborne Infantry Regiment, he volunteered for airborne education with the Rangers in 1950 and served with contrast within the Korean warfare (where he used to be wounded). Sergeant Posey retired from the carrier in 1969. In 2002, he was once inducted into the Ranger corridor of popularity for his commitment to responsibility and unusual army occupation.
version. The desegregation of military devices around the globe steadily undefined. sarcastically, as painstakingly sluggish as this technique appeared, by the point the U.S. ideal courtroom governed segregation unconstitutional in its landmark Brown v. Board of schooling selection on 17 may perhaps 1954, the defense force had already pioneered the line to integration. bankruptcy 6 assault and safeguard of Hill 581, 20–21 may perhaps 1951 “Ranger invoice Weathersbee and a few of his buddies have been cleansing their guns while a rifle corporation from.
scuffling with computing device that they threw at us. Wheeler S. Small, Jr. [Note: Ranger Small was once wounded at Tanyang cross and again to the corporate once you have a ten-day R&R from the Osaka sanatorium. He acknowledged that he obtained a twice-daily therapeutic massage with oil from the nurse due to his tremendous dry epidermis. He went greater in “Buffalo Heaven” for ten days whereas on R&R from the medical institution: “You must have noticeable me,” he stated, “a black guy horseback using in Japan!”] On 20 may well, the complete 2nd Ranger corporation was once in a.
nationwide data at the present time painting a real photo of the Buffalo Rangers’ task. what's convinced is that the final guy to go away the unit used to be Corporal Lawrence Williams, and he did so on 25 July. [31 July 1951] checklist OF occasions NO swap. 20-31 July 1951 traditional association tasks. Order to Inactivate the Ranger businesses throughout the interval of 11-14 July, the eighth corporation Rangers have been hooked up to the twenty fourth department, and whereas nonetheless accomplishing wrestle operations with the twenty first Infantry seized Hill.
corporation Ranger through the Korean warfare and to exclude these whose claims, even supposing chronic, can't be substantiated. If i've got passed over any Ranger with a sound declare to provider with 2nd Ranger corporation, I express regret for the error. To our Buffalo brothers: I delight in the carrier and sacrifices that you just made. may well the nice Lord proceed to observe over the Rangers of second corporation and bless you and your households. bankruptcy 10 As I take into account memories of Samuel “Shorty” Payne, Jr. a couple of Anecdotes.
officials’ membership. As a civilian he labored for a delivery corporation. He was once no longer lively in RICA or the 555th PIA. “Red Horse” died of a mind tumor within the overdue Eighties. B-1. BAKER, ISAAC E. An unique member, he began as 4th Platoon Sergeant in the course of early education. He got here to corporation I simply because he couldn’t make a rank within the 558th Ambulance corporation. Baker used to be the 1st Ranger KIA. His mythical prediction of dying to grasp Sergeant Bates is recorded right here. The Baltimore bankruptcy of the 555th PIA is.