The Jester and the Sages: Mark Twain in Conversation with Nietzsche, Freud, and Marx (MARK TWAIN & HIS CIRCLE)

The Jester and the Sages: Mark Twain in Conversation with Nietzsche, Freud, and Marx (MARK TWAIN & HIS CIRCLE)

Forrest G. Robinson


The Jester and the Sages ways the lifestyles and paintings of Mark Twain via putting him in dialog with 3 eminent philosophers of his time—Friedrich Nietzsche, Sigmund Freud, and Karl Marx. extraordinary in Twain scholarship, this interdisciplinary research by way of Forrest G. Robinson, Gabriel Noah Brahm Jr., and Catherine Carlstroem rescues the yank genius from his function as funny-man by way of exploring how his reflections on faith, politics, philosophy, morality, and social concerns overlap the philosophers’ constructed innovations on those topics. Remarkably, they'd a lot in common.
During their lifetimes, Twain, Nietzsche, Freud, and Marx witnessed giant upheavals in Western buildings of faith, morality, historical past, political economic climate, and human nature. the principles of truth have been shaken, and one didn't have to be a philosopher—nor did one even have to learn philosophy—to weigh in on what this all may possibly suggest. Drawing on a variety of fundamental and secondary fabrics, the authors express that Twain was once good attuned to debates of the time. not like his Continental contemporaries, even if, he was once no longer as systematic in constructing his views.
Brahm and Robinson’s bankruptcy on Nietzsche and Twain finds their topics’ universal defiance of the ethical and non secular truisms in their time. either wanted freedom, resented the limitations of Christian civilization, and observed punishing guilt because the affliction of recent guy. Pervasive ethical evasion and bland conformity have been the central consequence, they believed.
In addition to a continual specialize in guilt, Robinson discovers in his bankruptcy on Freud and Twain that the 2 males shared a lifelong fascination with the mysteries of the human brain. From the formative impression of adolescence and repression, to goals and the subconscious, the brain may well unfastened humans or hold them in perpetual chains. the world of the subconscious was once of particular curiosity to either males because it pertained to the production of art.
In the ultimate bankruptcy, Carlstroem and Robinson clarify that, regardless of major ameliorations of their perspectives of human nature, background, and growth, Twain and Marx have been either profoundly disturbed by means of fiscal and social injustice on the earth. Of specific difficulty used to be the gulf that commercial capitalism opened among the privileged elite homeowners and the significant category of property-less staff. Moralists impatient with traditional morality, Twain and Marx desired to loose traditional humans from the illusions that enslaved them.
Twain didn't comprehend the work's of Nietzsche, Freud, and Marx good, but a lot of his options move these of his philosophical contemporaries. by way of targeting the deeper features of Twain’s highbrow make-up, Robinson, Brahm, and Carlstroem complement the normal appreciation of the forces that drove Twain’s creativity and the dynamics of his humor.
 

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