The Conquest of Saxony AD 782-785: Charlemagne's defeat of Widukind of Westphalia (Campaign)

The Conquest of Saxony AD 782-785: Charlemagne's defeat of Widukind of Westphalia (Campaign)

David Nicolle


Charlemagne's conquests turned the driver in ecu politics among the Muslim defeat at Poitiers and the Crusades. He dominates the army heritage of Medieval Europe on the grounds that his empire spanned France, western Germany, and northerly Italy.

Charlemagne's conquest of the Saxons used to be the toughest fought and so much protracted of his wars. It concerned 18 campaigns unfold over 33 years, loads of lower-level battling and the most harsh ultimate peace cost that Charlemagne ever imposed upon a defeated foe. This used to be additionally an important of all Charlemagne's struggle for the longer term path and personality of eu heritage and, mockingly, it additionally started the lengthy means of uniting the German-speaking peoples.

Starting in 772 with a chain of raids and incursions, the Carolingian crusade quickly took at the personality of a non secular conquest, and should good were the muse for the later crusades opposed to either Islam and pagan peoples of Prussia and Livonia. Following a sequence of revolts and uprisings lower than the preferred Saxon chief Widukind, Charlemagne took the sector for my part within the years 782 to 785 and, via a sequence of pitched battles and smaller activities ahead of ultimately brining Widukind to heel in 785, consolidating Saxony as a part of the higher Carolingian Empire.

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