Pontius Pilate in History and Interpretation (Society for New Testament Studies Monograph Series)
Helen K. Bond
This examine reconstructs the lifetime of Pontius Pilate, the Roman governor chargeable for the execution of Jesus. the 1st part offers the historic and archaeological heritage. the subsequent chapters examine six first-century authors: Philo, Josephus and the 4 gospel writers. each one bankruptcy asks how Pilate is getting used as a literary personality in every one paintings, why each one writer describes Pilate another way, and what this tells us concerning the dating among every one writer and the Roman kingdom.
E a n economic climate, specifically the interval almost immediately ahead of the rebellion, see G o o d m a n , Ruling, p p . five 1 - 7 five . 30 35 Ant. 20.219-22. Pontius Pilate and the Roman province of Judaea the Samaritans and the Jews are usually pointed out via Josephus. The province additionally contained predominately pagan towns Caesarea and Sebaste - which were thoroughly rebuilt at the traces of Graeco-Roman towns by means of Herod I. They contained temples devoted to Caesar and held four-yearly fairs with.
a variety of literary, archaeological and numismatic assets proper to the Judaean governor. even supposing my very own interpretation should be mostly just like that taken via Lemonon sixteen Schwartz, 'Pontius', p. 399. Preface xvii and McGing, my old reconstruction of every occasion won't continuously concur with theirs. A old evaluation of Pilate is critical - he used to be a ancient guy eager about a ancient and old trial - but the key goal of this paintings lies in a touch varied.
adequate to avoid demonstrations: the folks, confronted with the garrison and its offending criteria already put in, must settle for matters.96 Offending opposed to the Jewish legislations, then, used to be no longer Pilate's best intention,97 even though his activities do convey vanity and contempt in the direction of the folk and their customs, associated with a sarcasm of the power in their non secular feeling. worried to take no nonsense from the folks, Pilate's activities appear designed to set up from the beginning either his.
First-century readers may need understood Pilate's activities the following. the 1st happens in Ant. 13.288-96. The envy of the Jews, really the Pharisees, have been aroused opposed to the Jewish King Hyrcanus due to his successes and people of his sons (§ 288). At a ceremonial dinner a Pharisee named Eleazar stated that if the King needed to be righteous he may still surrender the excessive priesthood and be content material with governing the folk (§ 291), a comment which provoked the opposite Pharisees eighty four Bammel,'Trial', p. 431.
Implicating themselves.85 it's also eighty five Hendrickx argues Roman governor wouldn't be prone to ask the folks Pilate in Mark's gospel a hundred and fifteen cleverly developed to accomplish the Roman prefect's ends: Then what shall I do/do you will want me to do with [the guy whom you calif6 the King of the Jews?' (Ti ouv [0EA,ETS] noir\GG> [6v AIYEXE] xov PaaiXea TCOV 'Ioi)5aicov;) verse 12. back Pilate is utilizing the doubtless harmful political name; there can also be a touch of the Roman's scorn for the.