Phylogeography of California: An Introduction
Kristina A. Schierenbeck
J. A. McGuire. 2009. Quantifying ecological, morphological, and genetic edition to delimit species within the coast horned lizard species complicated (Phrynosoma). court cases of the nationwide Academy of Sciences united states 106:12418–23. Leaché, A. D., and D. G. Mulcahy. 2007. Phylogeny, divergence instances and species limits of spiny lizards (Sceloporus magister species crew) in western North American deserts and Baja California. Molecular Ecology 16:5216–33. Leavitt, D. H., R. L. Bezy, okay. A. Crandall, and J.
one hundred seventy five Mylopharodon conocephalus, a hundred twenty five, 228 Myodes rutilus, 183, 212 myotis, California, 178 Myotis californicus, 178 Myotis ciliolabrum, 178 Myotis leibii, 178 Myrmecophagidae, 171 Mysticeti, forty seven, two hundred Nabokov, V., one hundred and five NADH, sixteen Naiman, R., 128, 228, 254 Nanhsiungchelyidae, 31, 149 Napa County, ninety two Natal, 123 natal philopatry, 126, 163–64, natal rookeries, 199 natives, eighty three, 238, 240–41 common group Conservation making plans Act (CCPA), 243–44 Nature Conservancy, The, 255 Navarro.
Variability, yet a moment clade was once current in basic terms in North the USA and certain disappeared by means of five ka. Equus caballus is located in basic terms within the former clade (Weinstock et al. 2005). CHIROPTERA there's little contract on even if the Chiroptera is monophyletic. Regardless, there are well-known clades, the Megachiroptera and Microchiroptera, that most probably developed within the Eocene (Simmons et al. 2008). The oldest bat fossil in North the US is Onychonycteris finneyi dated from approximately fifty two Ma, yet bats should not.
510 bp of the mtDNA CR identifies one huge clade from Oregon to critical Baja with little or no subclade constitution and one clade from the southern finish of Baja California (Whorley et al. 2004). Molecular information analyses and demographic modeling recommend quick northward enlargement from a northern Baja clade within the final warming cycle of the Pleistocene (Van Devender et al. 1987). A mid-Baja seaway that existed approximately 1.5 Ma used to be very important for haplotypic divisions, disrupting gene circulate from northern.
ended in the presence of a couple of relictual species to more moderen arrivals laid low with past due Cenozoic weather switch. in contrast to the Sierra Nevada, the Wisconsin glaciation (0.11–0.01 ka) ended in the formation of glaciers in northerly drainages and customarily no longer at the ridges (Sawyer 2006) (Table 14.1). Strix nebulosa nebulosa is an effective instance of a species considerably tormented by Pleistocene glaciations depending on mature montane forests and virtually solely within the Cascade Mountains.