Orality and Literacy: 30th Anniversary Edition (New Accents)
Walter J. Ong
Walter J. Ong’s vintage paintings offers a desirable perception into the social results of oral, written, revealed and digital applied sciences, and their impression on philosophical, theological, clinical and literary thought.
This 30th anniversary variation – coinciding with Ong’s centenary yr – reproduces his best-known and such a lot influential booklet in complete and brings it brand new with new exploratory essays by way of cultural author and critic John Hartley.
- A scene-setting bankruptcy that situates Ong’s paintings in the ancient and disciplinary context of post-war Americanism and the increase of communique and media studies;
- A last bankruptcy that follows up Ong’s paintings on orality and literacy on the subject of evolving media varieties, with a dialogue of modern criticisms of Ong’s technique, and an evaluate of his suggestion of the ‘evolution of consciousness’;
- Extensive references to contemporary scholarship on orality, literacy and the research of data applied sciences, tracing adjustments in how we all know what we know.
These illuminating essays contextualize Ong inside of contemporary highbrow heritage, and show his work’s carrying on with strength within the ongoing examine of the connection among literature and the media, in addition to that of psychology, schooling and sociological thought.
The approved fact needed to be unique. presently after Pope, ORALITYAND LITERACY 23 the Romantic Age demanded nonetheless extra originality. For the extraordinary Romantic, the fitting poet should still preferably be like God Himself, developing ex nihilo: the higher she or he used to be, the fewer predictable was once something and every thing within the poem. simply rookies or completely negative poets used prefabricated stuff. Homer, by means of the consensus of centuries, was once no newbie poet, nor used to be he a bad poet. possibly he was once even a.
Script is greater than images. photos symbolize items. an image of a guy and a home and a tree of itself says not anything. (If a formal code or set of conventions is provided, it will probably: yet a code isn't really picturable, except with the aid of one other unpicturable code. Codes finally must be defined through WRITING RESTRUCTURES realization eighty three whatever greater than photographs; that's, both in phrases or in a complete human context, humanly understood.) A script within the feel of actual writing, as.
15–16). Tibetan priests used to sit down at the banks of streams ‘printing pages of charms and formulation at the floor of the water with woodcut blocks’ (Goody 1968a, p. sixteen, quoting R.B.Eckvall). The nonetheless flourishing ‘cargo cults’ of a few South Pacific islands are popular: illiterates or semi-literates imagine that the industrial papers—orders, accounts of lading, receipts, and the like—that they comprehend determine in delivery operations are magical tools to make ships and load are available from around the.
is frequently deceived, listening to serves as guarantee.’ within the West in the course of the Renaissance, the oration was once the main taught of all verbal productions and remained implicitly the elemental paradigm for all discourse, written in addition to oral. Written fabric was once subsidiary to listening to in methods which strike us this present day as weird and wonderful. Writing served mostly to recycle wisdom again into the oral global, as in medieval collage disputations, within the analyzing of literary and different texts to teams (Crosby 1936; Ahern.
Lists, specifically alphabetic indexes, within the use of phrases (instead of iconographic indicators) for labels, within the use of revealed drawings of every kind to express info, and within the use of summary typographic area to engage geometrically with revealed phrases in a line of improvement that runs from Ramism to concrete poetry and to Derrida’s logomachy with the (printed, regularly, now not easily written) textual content. (i) Indexes Lists commence with writing. Goody has mentioned (1977, pp. 741 1 1) using.