Metaphor in Context

Metaphor in Context

Josef Stern


the various philosophers, linguists, and cognitive scientists writing on metaphor over the last twenty years have regularly taken without any consideration that metaphor lies outdoor, if now not against, acquired conceptions of semantics and grammar. Assuming that metaphor can't be defined by way of or inside of semantics, they declare that metaphor has little, if something, to educate us approximately semantic thought. during this booklet Josef Stern demanding situations those assumptions. he's involved essentially with the query: Given the bought perception of the shape and ambitions of semantic concept, does metaphorical interpretation, in complete or half, fall inside its scope? particularly, he asks, what (if whatever) does a speaker-hearer understand as a part of her semantic competence while she understands the translation of a metaphor? in line with Stern, the reply to those questions lies within the systematic context-dependence of metaphorical interpretation. Drawing on a deep analogy among demonstratives, indexicals, and metaphors, Stern develops a proper concept of metaphorical that means that underlies a speaker's skill to interpret a metaphor. along with his semantics, he additionally addresses quite a few philosophical and linguistic concerns raised by means of metaphor. those comprise the interpretive constitution of advanced prolonged metaphors, the cognitive value of metaphors and their literal paraphrasability, the pictorial personality of metaphors, the function of similarity and exemplification in metaphorical interpretation, metaphor-networks, lifeless metaphors, the relation of metaphors to different figures, and the dependence of metaphors on literal meanings. in contrast to so much metaphor theorists, besides the fact that, who take those difficulties to be sui generis to metaphor, Stern subsumes them below an identical rubric as different semantic proof that carry for nonmetaphorical language.

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