It is the Spirit that Gives Life: A Stoic Understanding of Pneuma in John's Gospel (Beihefte Zur Zeitschrift Fur Die Neutestamentliche Wissenschaft)
due to the fact Origen and Chrysostom, John´s Gospel has been valued because the so much religious one of the New testomony writings. even if Origen acknowledges the Stoic personality of John´s assertion that ""God is pneuma"" (4:24), an exam of the gospel in mild of Stoic physics has now not but been conducted. Combining her perception into Stoic physics and old body structure, the writer situates her thesis within the significant discussions of contemporary Johannine scholarship - e.g. the position of the Baptist and the functionality of the Johannine indicators - and demonstrates new options to recognized difficulties. The Stoic examine of the Fourth Gospel finds a coherent narrative tied jointly by means of the spirit. the matter with which John´s Gospel wrestles isn't the id of Jesus, however the transition from the Son of God to the following new release of divinely begotten kids: how did it occur? A examining performed from a Stoic viewpoint issues to the interpretation of the risen physique of Jesus into spirit because the decisive occasion. the availability of the spirit is a precondition of the divine iteration of believers. either occasions are defined through Stoic thought which permits of a metamorphosis of fleshly components into pneuma and of a number of fatherhood. actually, in his statement on John, Origen defined Jesus´ ascension as an occasion of anastoixeiôsis, that's the Stoic time period for the transformation of seriously parts into lighter and pneumatic ones.
(44). The cosmological meta-tale hence constitutes one of those meta-discourse among implied writer and implied reader (45). It presents the reader with an interpretive key to big concerns within the Gospel, e.g. the Christological titles, Jesus’ symptoms and the Johannine irony. 22 within the old and the ecclesiological stories, the plot is worried with Jesus’ identification. within the cosmological story, besides the fact that, the nature of the plot differs. the following Jesus’ divine foundation is not any longer a subject, it truly is.
Instructive. 188.8.131.52 The cosmological story and its Johannine positive aspects i. Christology and the cosmological story in keeping with the overall tendency in Johannine scholarship, Reinhartz, too, unearths Christology to be “virtually axiomatic in Johannine reports” (30). She accordingly units out to illustrate the dialectic among the key Christological titles and the cosmology of the Gospel: the titles receive their final that means from the cosmological framework and give a contribution to the development.
Spirit itself, yet to the hot existence in religion, that is the paintings of the spirit during the textual content of the Gospel; in a paraphrase of John 14:6: nobody involves the daddy except the textual content. 104 The non secular differentiation is justified by way of Kammler throughout the contrast among shape and content material and among literal and metaphorical speech within the Farewell Discourses. extra help comes from the connection with the fourth Evangelist’s paradoxical Trinitarian considering. 103 In a consultation within the.
rules and the area of ma- 70 Cosmology in Stoicism. The Discourse of Physics terial phenomena perceptible to the senses. How, the Stoics requested, was once the reception of immaterial principles in amorphous topic in a position to producing experience perceptible phenomena?117 The Stoic doctrine of our bodies, specially their inspiration of the fusion of our bodies, was once, despite the fact that, additionally subjected to critique. From the point of view of latest atomic theorists, the concept that our bodies have been in a position to occupying an identical area.
From which the Evangelist has drawn for notion. The Fourth Gospel appears to be like even as to react opposed to the best way proposed by way of Philo to an another way agreed upon fact and a regularly pursued objective. therefore, I argue that our knowing of the Fourth Gospel presupposes information of the discussions shared by means of John and philosophical Judaism in addition to the rhetorical technique at paintings within the Gospel. whilst the Fourth Gospel is learn during this context, its esoteric language is smart. As I shall argue.