Islamic Science and the Making of the European Renaissance (Transformations: Studies in the History of Science and Technology)

Islamic Science and the Making of the European Renaissance (Transformations: Studies in the History of Science and Technology)

George Saliba

The Islamic medical culture has been defined time and again in money owed of Islamic civilization and common histories of technology, with such a lot authors tracing its beginnings to the appropriation of principles from different historic civilizations -- the Greeks specifically. during this thought-provoking and unique ebook, George Saliba argues that, opposite to the commonly permitted view, the principles of Islamic clinical concept have been laid good ahead of Greek resources have been officially translated into Arabic within the 9th century. Drawing on an account through the tenth-century highbrow historian Ibn al-Naidm that's overlooked by means of most recent students, Saliba means that early translations from often Persian and Greek assets outlining trouble-free clinical rules for using executive departments have been the impetus for the improvement of the Islamic medical culture. He argues additional that there has been an natural courting among the Islamic medical inspiration that constructed within the later centuries and the technology that got here into being in Europe in the course of the Renaissance.

Saliba outlines the normal bills of Islamic technology, then discusses their shortcomings and proposes an alternative narrative. utilizing astronomy as a template for tracing the growth of technological know-how in Islamic civilization, Saliba demonstrates the originality of Islamic medical notion. He information the strategies (including new mathematical instruments) made by means of the Islamic astronomers from the 13th to 16th centuries, and provides proof that Copernicus can have recognized of and drawn on their paintings. instead of viewing the increase and fall of Islamic technological know-how from the often-narrated views of politics and faith, Saliba makes a speciality of the medical construction itself and the complicated social, financial, and highbrow stipulations that made it possible.

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