This e-book describes the Buddhism of India at the foundation of the comparability of the entire to be had unique resources in numerous languages. It falls into 3 nearly equivalent components. the 1st is a reconstruction of the unique Buddhism presupposed via the traditions of the several faculties recognized to us. It makes use of basically the confirmed equipment of textual feedback, drawing out of the oldest extant texts of the several colleges their universal kernel. This kernel of doctrine is possibly universal Buddhism of the interval prior to the nice schisms of the fourth and 3rd centuries BC. it can be considerably the Buddhism of the Buddha himself, even though this can't be proved: at any cost it's a Buddhism presupposed by means of the colleges as present a few hundred years after the Parinirvana of the Buddha, and there's no proof to indicate that it used to be formulated by means of someone except the Buddha and his fast fans. the second one half lines the improvement of the 'Eighteen faculties' of early Buddhism, exhibiting how they elaborated their doctrines out of the typical kernel. the following we will see to what volume the Sthaviravada, or 'Theravada' of the Pali culture, between others, further to or converted the unique doctrine. The 3rd half describes the Mahayana flow and the Mantrayana, the best way of the bodhisattva and how of formality. the connection of the Mahayana to the early colleges is traced intimately, with its possible association to 1 of them, the Purva Saila, as advised by way of the consensus of the proof. specific awareness is paid during this booklet to the social educating of Buddhism, the half which pertains to the 'world' instead of to nirvana and which has been usually ignored in glossy writings Buddhism.