Human-built World: How to Think About Technology and Culture
Thomas P Hughes
To most folk, know-how has been decreased to desktops, client items, and armed forces guns; we communicate of "technological progress" by way of RAM and CD-ROMs and the flatness of our tv monitors. In Human-Built global, fortunately, Thomas Hughes restores to know-how the conceptual richness and intensity it merits through chronicling the tips approximately know-how expressed via influential Western thinkers who not just understood its multifaceted personality yet who additionally explored its artistic capability. Hughes attracts on a tremendous diversity of literature, paintings, and structure to discover what know-how has dropped at society and tradition, and to provide an explanation for how we'd start to advance an "ecotechnology" that works with, now not opposed to, ecological platforms. From the "Creator" version of improvement of the 16th century to the "big science" of the Nineteen Forties and Fifties to the structure of Frank Gehry, Hughes nimbly charts the myriad ways in which know-how has been woven into the social and cultural cloth of other eras and the guarantees and difficulties it has provided. Thomas Jefferson, for example, with a bit of luck was hoping that know-how should be mixed with nature to create an Edenic setting; Lewis Mumford, centuries later, warned of the expanding mechanization of yank existence. Such divergent perspectives, Hughes indicates, have existed part by way of aspect, demonstrating the basic concept that "in its sort, know-how is filled with contradictions, encumbered with human folly, kept via occasional benign deeds, and wealthy with unintentional consequences." In Human-Built international, he deals the hugely enticing historical past of those contradictions, follies, and results, a historical past that resurrects expertise, rightfully, as greater than gadgetry; it's in truth a minimum of an embodiment of human values.
Corps of Engineers will preside over a “technological fix,” because it has frequently performed some time past and did prior within the Kissimmee basin area. In easily exchanging the meandering Kissimmee River with a instantly canal and in developing dikes and levees to regulate water move, the corps missed the complexity and diversity of the environment-sustaining ecological method. In a publication titled Seeing Like a nation: How yes Schemes to enhance the Human situation Have Failed (1998), James Scott argues that.
to assist form their fabric international. because the federal environmental laws enacted in 1969, government-funded public works require public participation within the layout method. The process developers making plans and designing the Boston critical Artery/Tunnel (CA/T) venture, for instance, took an enlightened, accepting method of public participation and environmental rules. In so doing, they moderated the resistance of the Boston activists who previous blocked road development in downtown.
that means, for instance, within the context of the historic interval during which it truly is being thought of. Marx has expressed his perspectives on defining expertise in numerous articles, together with “Technology: The Emergence of a harmful Concept,” Social learn sixty four (Fall 1997): 965–88; “The proposal of ‘Technology’ and Postmodern Pessimism,” in know-how, Pessimism, and Postmodernism, ed. Yaron Ezrahi, Everett Mendelsohn, and Howard P. Segal (Amherst: college of Massachusetts Press, 1995), pp. 11–25; and.
30–31, 42–43, seventy three, 179–80; river structures, 161–65; as surroundings, nine; moment construction views, 18–20, 35–37, 179–80; transformation of the hot global, 27–31; as unfinished, 23. See additionally environmental concerns Nature (Emerson), 38, 182–83 Nature’s city (Cronon), 160–61, 202 Nazis. See nationwide Socialism Negroponte, Nicholas, 108, 196 Neue Sachlichkeit, 122–25, 198 Neumann, John von, ninety three, ninety four, 193 Neuromancer (Gibson), 106 New Atlantis (Bacon), 26 “The New house responsibilities” (Frederick), 136.
Perrow, Charles, ninety own desktops, a hundred Phillips, Stephen Bennet, 199 philosophical views, 21, 26–27. See additionally ethical views images, 131–32, 133, 199 Picabia, Francis, 129 Pilgrim, Dianne H., 196 Pitts, Walter, Jr., ninety three, ninety four Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 41–42, forty three, 129, 183 Planck, Max, 104 plastic, forty six poetry, 142–46 Polaris venture, eighty, a hundred ninety political contexts: environmental legislation, 89; details revolution, 104–5; curiosity teams, 88, 165–66, 168–69, 172; making plans and.