Fuentes de Oñoro 1811: Wellington's liberation of Portugal (Campaign)
This Osprey identify examines the the most important crusade culminating within the hard-fought conflict that eventually drove the French from Portugal throughout the Napoleonic Wars (1799-1815). In October 1810 the Allied place in Portugal seemed precarious. regardless of defeating Marshal Masséna's French military at Bussaco, Wellington were compelled to retreat to inside of a couple of miles of Lisbon. right here the French encountered a tremendous line of fortifications stretching from the River Tagus to the ocean. outfitted amid nice secrecy and on Wellington's particular orders, those traces of Torres Vedras have been the French high-water mark. In February, together with his military near to hunger, Masséna was once compelled to retreat and the scene used to be set for the climactic motion of Fuentes de Oñoro.