Fortifications of Verdun 1874-1917 (Fortress, Volume 103)
Publisher: Osprey Publishing
Publication Date: 2011-04-19
Number of Pages: 64
Website: Amazon, LibraryThing, Google Books, Goodreads
Synopsis from Amazon:
The conflict of Verdun is among the preferable and notorious battles in background. whereas the conflict is remembered for acts of horror, bravery, and honor, it's also heavily entwined with the hoop of fortifications equipped to safeguard the major city of Verdun at the Meuse River that lay within the course of the German attack.
When one thinks of Verdun, one additionally thinks of Douaumont and Vaux, forts at the some distance fringe of the battlefield that got here to represent the French fight to regain their land from the Germans. within the months after its catch, fortress Douaumont's turtle-shaped heights stood as an final target and motive force for the French military. The negative wrestle that happened within the tunnels of castle Vaux serves for example of the way the French tried to carry directly to the final inch of land to the final man.
From 1874 to the outbreak of worldwide conflict I in 1914, development and development of the fortifications of Verdun endured continuous. It used to be thought of by means of army engineers to be the most powerful position in Europe and certainly it will possibly were when it comes to flanking hearth insurance of the battlefield, firepower from its 155mmnn and 75mm weapons and howitzers, and its concrete safeguard. even if, none of this got here to the brain of common Pétain while, after the unanticipated and successive destruction of the forts of Liège, Namur, Antwerp, and Maubeuge by means of the German heavy siege weapons, he determined that everlasting forts have been not of significant value.
As a outcome, all of Verdun's artillery items no longer in mounted turrets have been got rid of and the fort garrisons stripped right down to upkeep crews. hence, it was once a really assorted castle that confronted the Germans in 1916. besides the fact that, because the conflict advanced and the price of the forts, not just as patriotic symbols yet strategic pursuits and strong strongholds was once regained, the tide grew to become back, affecting not just the result of the conflict, yet destiny army engineering techniques and ideas that may eventually produce the Maginot Line.
protecting batteries have been designed to protect the infantry within the outer line of defence. They consisted of 2 varieties. the 1st have been the ‘Crest batteries’, that have been used for direct fireplace to decelerate the enemy; they have been in view of the enemy at the crest of the hill and guarded at the back of ramparts. the second one kind used to be hidden from view at the back of the crest and was once used for oblique fireplace opposed to defiladed positions. Infantry positions have been put to decelerate the attacking enemy infantry and to protect.
Grim. The Germans’ undesirable success persisted at the fifth. They tried to dig down from the head of the citadel into the tunnels yet have been pushed off by means of a French bombardment. They blew a gap into the south-west Bourges casemate and attacked the interior with a flame-thrower however the air currents from contained in the fortress blew the flame again into their faces they usually needed to retreat. The Germans started to imagine the citadel couldn't be captured, yet a series of occasions came about on 7 June that led its quit. lots of.
in the direction of its seize as that they had run right into a French strength headed in the direction of the comfort of fortress Vaux. The I Königlich Bayerische Armee Korps at the correct flank moved down the Thiaumont ridge in the direction of the Thiaumont intermediate infantry works that stood midway among fortress Douaumont and the Froideterre Works. From this aspect the Thiaumont ridge bisected the Fleury ridge that ran throughout the village of Fleury in the direction of castle Souville. The Thiaumont works commanded the Fleury ridge. On eight June the Thiaumont.
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Galopin 155R turret, castle Douaumont. the interior of the same turret is proven on p. forty-one. (Author’s assortment) used to be shelled. the 1st armoured gun turret was once invented by way of the British Captain Cowper Coles and used to be fixed on British naval vessels beginning in 1857. In Germany Hauptmann Maximilian Schumann constructed a revolving turret for 2 15cm weapons for land-based fortifications. Commandant Mougin, a French engineer, designed a revolving turret for 2 155mm cannon invented via Colonel Charles de.