Dawn & Decline: Notes 1926-1931 and 1950-1969

Dawn & Decline: Notes 1926-1931 and 1950-1969

Max Horkheimer


This quantity includes decisions from Horkheimer works, Dämmerung, Notizen in Deutschland (here translated as Dawn, Notes 1926-1931) which was once initially released in 1934 below the pseudonym Heinrich Regius, and hasn't ever been republished considering the fact that, and Notizen, 1950-1969 (here translated as Decline, Notes 1950-1969).

Concerning the sooner paintings, Horkheimer wrote: “This publication is superseded. The reflections contained in it are occasional notes formulated during times of leisure from a not easy piece of labor, and the writer didn't make an effort to shine them. this can be additionally the explanation they don't represent and orderly series. They comprise repetitions or even a few contradictions. but the subjects explored offer one of those team spirit. They seriously learn and think again the that means techniques comparable to metaphysics, personality, morality, character and the worth of the person had in the course of that section of capitalism. due to the fact they predate the ultimate victory of nationwide Socialism, they care for an international that has turn into anachronistic due to the fact that. . . . but the techniques of the writer who lived his existence as an individualist will not be fully with no importance at a later time.”

The moment a part of this quantity may perhaps recommend an extra explanation for Horkheimer’s use of the time period “outdated” for his past publication. This part not just marks the tip of the liberal bourgeoisie for Horkheimer yet can also outline the beginnings of a rethinking of the sanguine Marxism constructed within the overdue twenties. Commenting on Horkheimer’s improvement, his German editor, Werner Brede, writes: “He used to be no theoretician of decline; yet he did realize that the old and philosophical weather had changed.” Or back: “In the Notizen, 1950-1969, Horkheimer’s unorthodox sociological standpoint outlined the contours of a ‘society in transition.’ the following, the severe pessimism by no means utterly absent from his philosophy definitively supplants the hopes of Marxism.”

Each reader should come to a decision for himself no matter if the pervasive pessimism of the later paintings is overall melancholy or a extra complicated, extra hugely differentiated review of a later part within the improvement of guy and society; if it is mere “expression,” or philosophical perception with a declare to truth.

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