Andrew of Bethsaida and the Johannine Circle: The Muratorian Tradition and the Gospel Text (Studies in Biblical Literature)
This publication is a studying of the textual content of the Gospel of John in gentle of a practice of Johannine authorship represented through the Muratorian Fragment, Papias of Hierapolis, and the Anti-Marcionite Prologue, all that are taken to mirror the impression of a typical culture represented via Jerome, Clement of Alexandria, and Victorinus of Pettau. Taken jointly those recommend that the Gospel of John was once the paintings of the overdue first- or early second-century John the Presbyter who mediated the culture of a particular workforce of Johannine disciples between whom Andrew used to be most vital.
Witness, and a instructor, instructing being the attribute functionality of presbyters. forty six different striking moment century resources who additionally overlooked the chance to make the writer both an apostle or a son of Zebedee have been Ignatius on the flip of the century and Theophilus of Antioch and Ptolemaeus fifty years later.47 yet by way of the tip of the century Irenaeus (and probably different assets misplaced to us) had tested the culture that John the son of Zebedee was once the Johannine writer and the witness of.
The culture that undergirds the earliest Prologue to the Gospel, the declare that the Gospel used to be the paintings of a Spirit-inspired staff. a number of of those so referred to as Anti-Marcionite Prologues is to be present in 40 manuscripts of the Vulgate, ten of which comprise the Prologue to John. They have been dated to the overdue moment century through Harnack and De Bruyne whilst within the Twenties they grew to become an item of well known scholarly curiosity. Now frequently thought of translations of Greek originals, they're dated.
loved Disciple, and others of the Johannine 5, had taught. The stories and the viewpoint are distinctively his, as used to be the variety of his reminiscences. The Gospel understands that Peter’s position needs to be stated and revered, simply because it is familiar with of James and John, even though it is likely to be now not unjust to work out a faint dismissiveness within the Gospel’s unmarried point out of “the ones of Zebedee” (John 21:2), whom a few readers will recognize are the disciples closest to Jesus in Synoptic culture yet who play.
ANONYMITY of affection seventy one taught via Jesus’ instance on Passover evening, yet via that advanced love that exists among sons of an analogous family. The reason of bankruptcy 21 isn't enmity or emulation, yet that where of Andrew be commemorated and remembered. during this recognize the Gospel was once unsuccessful, and the nameless identify and the Irenaean apology too potent. retailer for Papias’ realize and the reference within the Muratorian Canon, Andrew may disappear from catholic assets until eventually within the age of.
stocks with Marcionism an highbrow atmosphere outlined by way of love and information. whereas the Gospel of John is, as a succession of students from Lightfoot to Robinson have maintained, Jewish to the core—the tale was once witnessed by means of the liked Disciple who was once a Palestinian Jew—the Johannine Epistles, written maybe or 3 a long time later, are surprisingly distanced from the outdated testomony, references to which, apart from the point out of Cain in 1 John 3:12, are few and allusive. it's.