Adam, Satan, and the King of Tyre: The Interpretation of Ezekiel 28:11-19 in Late Antiquity (Jewish and Christian Perspectives)
Hector M. Patmore
The oracle opposed to the King of Tyre, present in Ezekiel 28.12-19, is a tricky textual content that encouraged assorted interpretations in overdue Antiquity. for instance, in accordance with one rabbinic culture the textual content observed the 1st guy, Adam, whereas the Church Fathers present in an analogous textual content an outline of the autumn of devil. This ebook stories the rabbinic assets, patristic literature, the Targum, and the traditional translations, and seeks to appreciate the explanations for the varied interpretation, the interplay among the exegetical traditions and the groups of interpreters, specifically among Jews and Christians, and the influence the categorical shape and wording of the textual content had at the formation and improvement of every interpretation.
remodeling was once conducted in the course of a remain as a traveling student on the Oxford Centre for Hebrew and Jewish experiences within the Trinity time period of 2010. the rest free ends have been tied up and the feedback of affiliates have been included into the completed paintings in the course of my time as a vacationing learn Fellow on the Hebrew college of Jerusalem, and as an Honorary study Fellow of the Council for British examine within the Levant, dependent on the Kenyon Institute in Jerusalem. the workers of the dep. of.
Story’. ninety three See, for instance, Hayward, The Targum of Jeremiah, 4–5; Cf. Smelik, The Targum of Judges, 53–54. ninety ninety one 130 bankruptcy 4 despite the fact that, in lots of respects the Targumic interpreting of the passage stands except that present in the rest of the rabbinic corpus, particularly in its total studying of the passage as a political caution. whereas this is often attention-grabbing to notice, it doesn't necessitate the view that the analyzing of our Targum is non-rabbinic.94 That the exegesis of the Targum.
Hesekiel, 103. additionally Fohrer, Ezechiel, 162; Corral, Ezekiel’s Oracles opposed to Tyre, 159; Hals, Ezekiel, 2 hundred. Greenberg shared the view that the lament is a political story given a legendary colouring, yet he insists the legendary motifs stemmed from Israelite culture, drawing totally on the motifs of Eden and the Jerusalem Temple mount, motifs that, as Newsom (1984) mentioned, are primarily jointly reinforcing. Greenberg, Ezekiel 21–37, 592; Newsom, ‘A Maker of Metaphors—Ezekiel’s Oracles.
Codex Vaticanus reads our oracle as follows: Son of guy, bring up a lament over the prince of Tyre and say to him, therefore says our lord god: You [are] an influence of a picture and a gorgeous crown. thirteen You have been within the luxurious of the backyard of God. each important stone you certain on: sardius and topaz and emerald and carbuncle and sapphire and jasper and silver and gold and amber and agate and amethyst and chrysolite and beryl and onyx; and also you jam-packed with gold your treasuries and your storehouses by means of.
Jewish neighborhood of Alexandria within the centuries ahead of the Christian period within the textual content of the Septuagint as we discover it in, for instance, Codex Vaticanus, the Septuagint still provides us a partial perception into their international and to the methods they decide to interpret Ezekiel 28:11–19. you will need to keep in mind that this isn't the interpretation of a parochial or remoted group. particularly, it's the made of scholarly Jews who knew Hebrew and Greek, operating in a Diaspora group that maintained.