A History of Religious Ideas Volume 2 From Gautama Buddha to the Triumph of Christianity
'unconscious' nation of the uncreated world."I04 allow us to word those components: (1) the homologation of the legendary mountain K'un-liin with the key areas of the mind and the stomach; (2) the function attributed to the "chaotic" country, which, as soon as it really is discovered via meditation, allows access into the Fields of Cinnabar and therefore makes attainable the alchemical instruction of the embryo of immortality. The Mountain within the Western Sea, domicile of the Immortals, is a conventional and intensely historic.
photo of the "world in little"-of a miniature universe. 102. textual content brought up in Eliade, The Forge and the Crucible, p. 116. 103. James R. Ware, The Nei P'ien of Ko Hung, pp. seventy four ff. Cinnabar as a drug of toughness is pointed out within the first century earlier than our period within the choice of mythical biographies of the Taoist Immortals, the Lieh-hsien chuan. After soaking up cinnabar for a number of years, one grasp "had back turn into like a youth," one other "was capable of commute by means of flying," etc.; see Kaltenmark, Le.
Liberation from anguish is the target of all Indian philosophies and methods of meditation. No wisdom has any price if it doesn't pursue the salvation of guy. "Except for that [Le., apart from the everlasting that is living within the Self], not anything is worthy realizing" (Svetiisvatara Up. 1. 12).7 "Salvation" includes transcending the human situation. Indian literature employs photos of binding, fettering, or captivity, of forgetting, intoxication, sleep, or unknowing to indicate the human situation; to.
just a non secular and transcosmic bliss (but see under, § 190): the soul introduced from "karmic subject" flies "like an arrow" to the summit of the universe; there, in a type of empyrean, it meets and communicates with different added souls, constituting a group that's only religious or maybe divine. Such pessimism and acosmic "spiritualism" remember convinced Gnostic faculties (§ 228) and, with vital changes, vintage Salpkhya and Yoga (§§ 139 ff.). 88 THE BUDDHA AND HIS CONTEMPORARIES.
periods among temporal cycles. The norms being in abeyance, the useless might go back to earth. It used to be additionally February that observed the functionality of the ritual of Lupercalia (§ 165), the collective purifications that ready the common renewal symbolized via the "New yr" (= ritual new version of the world). sixteen through the 3 days of Lemuria (May nine, eleven, and thirteen) the lifeless (lemures; etymology unknown) again back and visited their descendants' homes. in an effort to pacify them and retain them.