A Concise Encyclopedia of Hinduism (Concise Encyclopedia of World Faiths)
present in the Mahābhārata and a number of other Purāṇas. it's been commented upon via ŚAṄKARA (2) and by means of PARĀŚARA Bhaṭṭa, and is frequently recited in VAIṢṆAVA worship. The Cāraka Saṁhitā, a piece on drugs, recommends recitation of the Viṣṇusahasranāma in instances the place scientific treatments now not support and in former instances it used to be recited in the course of childbirth. Viṣṇu-smṛti one of many older, authoritative codes of legislation. Viṣṇu-svāmi (1200–50) founding father of the Rudra (VAIṢṆAVA) saṁpradāya (sect). Viśva Hindū Pariṣad.
Foot in his cosmic dance. Āpastamba historic author on ritual and legislation and writer of the Āpastamba Dharmasūtra. he's usually quoted via later writers. apauruṣeya (‘impersonal’) now not originated both via a human or a superhuman individual. in line with the MīMĀṀSAKAS the Veda is apauruṣeya, i.e. it has no writer yet constantly existed via and of itself. Appar (eighth century CE) one of many sixty three NĀYAṆMĀRS, poet-saints of ŚAIVISM. Appar was once a convert from Jainism and needed to endure persecution for his switch.
And for students. The Kauṭilīya Ārthaśāstra describes in nice element the particular management of an historical Indian nation. There additionally was once a gradation between kings: a ‘great king’ (mahārāja or rājādirāja) often had a number of lesser kings (rājas) as vassals. (See additionally CĀṆAKYA.) kinnaras, additionally kimpurusas (‘what men?’) legendary beings with human our bodies and horses’ heads, celestial musicians and dancers, who reside in KUBERA’S paradise. kīrtaṇa Praising, making a song, often within the context of.
Lokas: the higher areas include Satyaloka (the realm of Brahmā), Tapoloka, Janaloka and Maharloka; the center areas, often known as ‘regions of the results of work’, are Svarloka (planets), Bhuvar- loka (sky) and Bhuloka (earth). The sector of the netherworlds is subdivided into 8 lokas, lower than which there are 28 NĀRAKAS (hells) within which sinners obtain punishment in accordance with their deeds. Over and above those lokas a number of the saṁpradāyas (sects) have their very own sectarian cosmologies:.
alongside to count number JAPA of the holy names. Tul(a)sīdās(a) (1511–1637) (‘servant of the tulasī’) Celebrated writer of the Rāmcaritmanas, a Hindī (Avadhī) game of the Rāmāyaṇa, which has turn into the preferred spiritual ebook of North India, and of many hymns and poems celebrating the greatness of Rāma. turīya (‘the fourth [state]’) A designation of the top degree of awareness, whilst subject-object duality disappears. Tvastṛ within the Ṛgveda he's the correct artist and artisan,.